In Matthew 1:21 we learn that Jesus died for the sins of “his people”. John 10:15 says that Jesus died for “the sheep”; “the church” in Acts 20:28 and Ephesians 5:23-26 and in other places it says “us” (Titus 2:14) or “us all”. And as if the point were not stressed already, Matthew 20:28 says “the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many”; the “many” is, of course, a reference to Gods Elect.
Would anyone disagree?
Are there any “elect” of God for whom Christ did not die for? Are there any “sheep” of his for whom he did not die for? Are there any of “us” whom Christ did not die for? Is it possible that Christ did not die for the church?
These passages tell us nothing of the scope of the atonement. They only tell us what we already know; that everyone who is “saved” got that way by the provision of the sacrifice of Christ.
F. LaGard Smith writes:
“But that only begs the crucial question under discussion: Did Jesus die for anyone else? Did he die for the whole world? For all the lost—past, present, and future? Dare we imagine of Isaac Watts’ beloved carol, whereby, instead of ‘Joy to the World,’ we sang, ‘Joy to the Elect’?”
So we know that Christ died for those who are saved (how else are they saved?), now we must turn our attention to what is sometimes overlooked; that Christ “is the atoning sacrifice for our sins [Yes, of course – see above], and not only for ours but also for the sins of the whole world [Oops! I think the Bible is right]” (1 John 2:2).
I am not an advocate of proof-texting (that venerable dogmatic approach); but sometimes you just have to play your (imaginary) opponent on their own turf.
On that note:
“Just as the result of one trespass was condemnation for all men, so also the result of one act of righteousness was justification that brings life for all men”
“For God has bound all men over to disobedience so that he may have mercy on them all”
“This righteousness from God comes through [the faithfulness of] Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference, for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus. God presented him as a sacrifice of atonement, through faith in his blood” [note: the “all have sinned” is matched by “and are justified freely” with the qualification of: “through faith in his blood”.]
But the angel said to them, ‘Do not be afraid. I bring you good news of great joy that will be for all the people. Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is Christ the Lord”
“For Christ’ love compels us, because we are convinced that one died for all…”
“For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men…”
But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, now crowned with glory and honor because he suffered death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone”
Joel 2:28, 32:
“I will pour out my Spirit on all people… And everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved”
The Spirit and the bride say, ‘Come!’ And let him who hears say, ‘Come!’ Whoever is thirsty, let him come; and whoever wishes, let him take the free gift of water of life”
“For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son… to save the world through him”
“For I did not come to judge the world, but to save it”
“I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life”
2 Corinthians 5:19:
“God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ…”
1 Timothy 2:3-6
“This is good, and pleases God our Savior, who wants all men to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth. For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all men…”
So you see, the biblical testimony is this: the death of Christ is provisional for all to be saved. Faith is a prerequisite to salvation. Those who believe cash in on the provision of Christ and are saved. Those who are saved are obviously saved by the provisional work of Christ on the cross. Full circle.
If every one of those passages were read without the reader first being indoctrinated (that is, trained to think a certain way without the option of objective reading), this is the most natural reading of the biblical testimony. Only those who have been indoctrinated would accept the verses listed in the opening paragraph and dismiss or explain away the other passages of scripture.
“The Father has sent his Son to be the Savior of the world” (John 4:14)
“The Father’s ultimate purpose was to save the elect” (R.C. Sproul)
Which quote to you prefer? When the Bible is allowed to speak for itself in these matters a truly robust doctrine of salvation by grace through faith(fullness) emerges.
 Troubling Questions for Calvinists… And All the Rest of Us, p.211